Diamonds are known to be the rarest and most precious stone in the world. Rare because it takes millions of years to form, precious because, for the same reason, it is made of exhaustible matter.

The diamond was conceived in the immense heat of magma, right in the heart of our Earth. The extraordinary intensity of the earth’s heat and pressure has generated pure and dense carbon atoms which, like drops of light, have been dragged towards the surface by the slow and majestic flow of the fiery lava. Drops of light that, cooling down, have turned into shining crystals, transparent and limpid like sun rays, and indomitable with the strength of Mother Nature.

The diamonds in history

Diamonds have aroused the curiosity of wise and curious since ancient times, giving way to a series of incredible beliefs and legends .

Diamonds are the hardest mineral of natural origin known, capable of cutting any other stone.
There are 16,000 different types of diamonds and their color, with all shades and intermediate intensities, ranges from perfect white to:

  • Red ;
  • Blue ;
  • Pink ;
  • Green ;
  • Yellow ;
  • Brown ;
  • Black.

The ancients revered diamonds , but not as jewelry and ornamental jewelry! Not yet having the tools and knowledge to bring out the sheen we all know today from the rough, they preferred other colored and immediately striking stones and minerals.

The first to understand the majesty of the diamond also as a gem for luxurious jewels was King Louis XIV.
Since then, the rise of this stone of mythical origins has been unstoppable, to the point of becoming the symbol par excellence of luxury and everything that is purest and most precious.

The symbolism of the diamond

The diamond, due to its transparency, was an emblem of purity, innocence, and virtue. This was always associated, for its toughness, with royalty and power. In the language of symbols it means:

  • Affection ;
  • Loyalty ;
  • Friendliness ;
  • Immutability ;
  • Love ;
  • Luck ;
  • Courage.

Thus was born the custom of giving a diamond ring to the future wife as a token of eternal love.
As a talisman of love, it brings trust and devotion to spouses , reconciles quarrels and consolidates unions, it is a symbol of eternity (it is no coincidence that the famous slogan says that “a diamond is forever”).

In jewelry, the diamond is the most sought-after precious stone because it cannot be scratched by anything and therefore it is the stone that most of all retains its brilliance , allowing the jewels that set it to shine for a long time, even if worn daily.

The main characters of the diamond

The characteristics of the diamond commonly defined as the 4 Cs according to the English terms are:

  • Color = Color
  • Clarity = Purity
  • Carat = Weight
  • Cut = Cut

The color of the diamond

To define the color of a diamond, an international classification is used that uses the letters of the Anglo-Saxon alphabet from D ( particularly colorless diamonds ) to Z ( diamonds with a rather intense yellow color ).

The purity of the diamond

Purity indicates the transparency , continuity and homogeneity of a cut diamond. The presence of inclusions is considered a nuisance. The following terms are used to classify the purity of a diamond in the world:

  • Internally Flawless;
  • Very Very Small Inclusions;
  • Very Small Inclusions;
  • Small Inclusions;
  • Included.

The weight of the diamond

The weight is an indispensable element in the evaluation of a diamond. It is measured in metric carats (ct). One carat corresponds to 1/5 of a gram (5 ct = 1g). If the stone is very small, the hundredth part of the diamond, called ” point ” , can be used as the unit of measurement.

The cut of the diamond

There are various types of cut, including the Oval , Heart , Drop cut , but the most popular and timeless is the Brilliant cut : this term is so closely associated with the diamond, that when people speak of “brilliant” in reality they intend to talk about the mineral diamond. With it we identify a round cut with at least 57 facets that multiply the brightness of the stone , whatever the carat, transforming each diamond into a jewel of strong impact, elegant and refined in all circumstances.

Another article on this blog that might interests you:

Diamonds: Varieties and Color Scale